Within his cultural environment, as a physician, Herbert J. Hall (1870-1923) incorporated the Arts and Crafts movement ideology with medicine. He studied neurasthenia and the rest cure, which was the current treatment. He envisioned a better way and opened a sanatorium that incorporated work cure theories and employed craftsmen as guides. With success, Hall expanded, trained apprentices, and made occupational therapy equipment and kits for hospitals and asylums.